A 1963 Soviet postage stamp showing Valery Bykovsky and Vostok 5
  • Twice Hero of the Soviet Union (22 June 1963 and 28 September 1976)
  • Order of Lenin (1963, 1976, and 1978)
  • Order of the Red Star (1961)
  • Order of Friendship (12 April 2011)
  • Order of the Red Banner of Labour (1976)
  • Merited Master of Sports of the Soviet Union
  • Pilot-Cosmonaut of the USSR (1963)
  • Medal "For Development of the Virgin Lands" (1963)
  • Hero of Socialist Labour (Bulgaria, 1963)
  • Order of Georgi Dimitrov (Bulgaria, 1963)
  • Hero of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany, 1978)
  • Order of Karl Marx, twice (East Germany, 1976, 1978)
  • Hero of Socialist Labour (Vietnam, 1963)
  • Cross of Grunwald, 1st class (Poland, 1963)
  • Star of the Republic of Indonesia, 2nd class (1963)
  • Gold Medal. Tsiolkovsky Academy of Sciences
  • FAI De La Vaulx Medal (1963)